Bioenergy segments in comparison

Bioenergy is the only source of clean energy able to provide heat, electricity and transport fuel. In 2015, bioenergy’s total consumption reached its highest point in the EU-28. With 112.374 ktoe consumed, the whole sector grew by 6,53% from 2014 to 2015. This increase was also higher than the average annual growth rate recorded in the period 2000-2015 (4,83%). Looking back, bioenergy consumption has more than doubled since 2000, from 55,4 Mtoe to 112,3 Mtoe. According to Member State projections (NREAPs) bioenergy should account for 139 Mtoe by 2020 in Europe and play a major role to reach its 2020 renewable energy target.

Can the 2020 bioenergy projections be reached? Considering all types of bioenergy, the necessary annual growth needed after 2015 to meet the 2020 objectives will be around 4% which seems achievable knowing that the average annual growth in the period 2000-2014 was 4,83%. However, findings are different when considering bioheat, bioelectricity and biofuels for transport separately. The sector that experienced the highest growth from 2014 to 2015 was the bioheat sector with 7,7%.  At this rate, there is no doubt that the objectives set by the Member States will be achieved in this segment. A similar situation can be observed in the bioelectricity sector which grew by 6,6% between 2014 and 2015. At the other end of this scope, biofuels for transport faced stagnation between 2014 and 2015. Following past years’ trends, Member States might be 30% below the projections by 2020. This can be partly explained by the changing and uncertain EU-28 regulatory framework on biofuel sustainability.

Considering the 2015 big picture, 74% of the EU-28 final energy consumption of bioenergy went to heat (82.921 ktoe), 14% went to electricty (15.295 ktoe) and 13% to biofuels for transport(14.158 ktoe). The following EU-28 bioenergy mix (the ratio between bioheat, bioelectricity and biofuels for transport) is mostly similar in all EU-28 countries, except Luxembourg and Malta where the biofuels for transport represent more than 50%, and the UK where bioheat and bioelectricity show similar shares (with 44% and 40% respectively).

Looking at national consumption, the 5 largest bioenergy consumers represent more than half of the EU’s total bioenergy consumption (54%). All these countries have been benefiting from political supports to the development of biomass. Germany remains the leading country with 17% of the total EU-28 consumption, followed by France with 12%, both Italy and Sweden with 9% and finally Finland with 7 %. However, the role that bioenergy plays in the energy mix of these countries is more important in Finland and  Sweden where the share of bioenergy in the total energy consumption amounts respectively to 33,9% and 32,6%.

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All statistics featured in this section come from Bioenergy Europe's 2017 Statistical Report. If you want more insight do not hesitate to download the 'Key Findings' of the report (free of charge) and order a copy of the full report (consult the table of content of the 2017 Edition).

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First published in 2007, Bioenergy Europe Statistical Report – European Bioenergy Outlook, has sought to provide European stakeholders with a comprehensive overview of the latest market trends in bio-heat, bio-electricity and bio-fuel sectors. The Full Report (200+ pages) gathers statistics, infographics and the most up-to-date data on the developments of the European bioenergy industry. The report is an important tool for the industry and for investors and policy makers to make informed evaluations and decisions. For more information, visit:

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