Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)


The 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) establishes a set of measures to help the EU reach its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. Under the Directive, all EU countries are required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain, from its production to its final consumption.

The post-2020 framework for the EED is now being discussed. A legislative proposal from the European Commission is foreseen for the end of 2016. A stakeholders’ consultation has taken place early 2016 in view of the revision of the directive.

The role of biomass

Wood is considered humankind’s very first source of energy. Because of this long history of using wood as energy, one might think that biomass is an old-fashioned way of producing energy. This is quite the contrary! In fact, the use of biomass has greatly evolved throughout the years as different types of technologies have been developed to harness it more efficiently and cleanly.

The timeline below shows the evolution of biomass conversion technologies and fuels over the years:

Most European energy installations today are old and inefficient. By switching to new and innovative biomass solutions, energy production will become more efficient and renewable at the same time.

As an example, biomass boiler efficiency and CO2 emissions have greatly improved in the last twenty years, as shown by the graphs below.

Graph: Efficiency factor of tested biomass boilers

Source: FJ-BLT Wieselburg; Bioenergy 2020+

Graph: CO emissions of tested biomass boilers

Source: FJ-BLT Wieselburg; Bioenergy 2020+

Bioenergy Europe's position

Bioenergy Europe is of the view that greater efforts should be made by Member States on the implementation of EED and that monitoring and reporting should be improved.

The EU should also ensure coherence among its upcoming legislations and actions (revisions of EED, EPBD and RES-D) by putting an emphasis on and linking its long-term climate and energy objectives (EU Energy Roadmap 2050 three no regrets options: energy efficiency, renewables and infrastructure) with financing mechanisms.

An important aspect is that an emphasis should be put on synergies between energy efficiency and renewables. Focusing on energy efficiency alone can lead to the default use of fossil energy and a slowdown of renewable energy uptake.


Bioenergy Europe's reply to EED consultation