Socio-economic indicators of EU bioenergy

The bioenergy sector’s general turnover saw a slight increase in 2015, coming close to its highest level (2013) with a 56.010 million EUR turnover. This growth was mostly driven by the results of a solid biomass market, which reached its highest record with 36.000 million EUR. Biogas and biofuel for transport faced limited decreases with 6.910 and 13.100 million EUR turnover.

Bioenergy businesses are mostly regional and national industries bringing wealth and jobs locally - 95% of bioenergy consumed is sourced locally. Looking at imports, the situation remains rather stable over the past years. Bioenergy in 2015 represented only 1% of all imported fuels. EU28 bioenergy import dependency is 4,4%, a tiny fraction compared to the fossil energies where dependency reached 89% for oil and 69% for gas.

In 2015, almost half a million people were having direct or indirect jobs in the bioenergy sector. The bioenergy sector, considered as a whole, creates more jobs than the solar and wind industry
combined. At the same time, the solid biomass sector (314.700) almost equals the number of jobs created by the wind sector (332.350). Comparing with 2014, job creation recorded highest
growth in geothermal, hydro and the heat pumps industry, while the solar industry faced a decrease of 4,7%. Wind and bioenergy saw a low increase of 1%. Considering the situation of bioenergy in detail, the situation appears to be rather different between industrial segments. Solid biomass and urban waste kept increasing trends, respectively +2,7% and +6,3%, whereas biogas and biofuel faced a relative downturn with -6,3% and -1,5%. Trends registered between 2014 and 2015 are reinforcerd by long term perspectives. Since 2010, the solid biomass industry has grown steadily from less than 280.000 jobs in 2010 to more than 314.700 in 2015. On the other hand, the biofuel industry, impacted by political U-turns faced a rather strong decline that stabilised in 2013. Biogas and urban waste sectors are more stable, having experienced periods of limited growth and decline.



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All statistics featured in this section come from Bioenergy Europe's 2017 Statistical Report. If you want more insight do not hesitate to download the 'Key Findings' of the report (free of charge) and order a copy of the full report (consult the table of content of the 2017 Edition).

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